LAPPONIA 1662 The map of Lapland drawn from Anders Bure's Great Scandinavian Atlas (1626). This map was published in the two-volume work “Atlas Major” (1662 -1663) by Cornelis and Jean Blaeu, also known as Theatrum orbis terrarum and Atlas novus. When describing Scandinavia Joan Blaeu (1596-1673), which name of Blaeu's publishing houses maps mainly where known, used mainly Anders Bure's map material. Blaeu's family had a successful map-publishing house in Amsterdam. The brothers' father Willem Janszoon Blaeu (1571-1638) had studied cartography in its youth with the management of Danish Tycho Brahe. Anders Bure (1571-1646), also known as Andreas Bureus or Bureaus, was the founder and developer of Swedish land surveying and cartography. Swedish issues of supremacy and frontier disputes with the neighbouring countries created the necessity for useful maps. Carl IX issued an order in 1603 for the commissioning of a map covering the whole of Scandinavia with Kustaa Adolf supporting the project rather generously. Bure's expansive Orbis Arctoi Nova Et Accurata Delineatio Auctore Andrea Bureo Sueco from 1626 long remained the model and basis for all maps representing the Nordic nations. Bure based his calculations on the doctrines and principles of Gerhard Mercator. His work Orbis Arctoi Imprimisque Regni Sueciae Descriptio, in English the Depiction of the Nordic Countries (1985), has been included as his introduction to the atlas illustrating knowledge on the area.
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