De Maupertuis The degree measurements by de Maupertuis in the Tornionlaakso Valley 1736-1737
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Pierre Louis de Maupertuis

Maupertuis was born in Saint-Malo in Brittany on the 17th of July 1698. After a short period in military service de Maupertuis found a new direction and took up the career of a mathematician. De Maupertuis visited London in 1728 and became acquainted with Newton's mathematical theories. He was made Member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1731. This was why he was made the leader of the degree measurement expedition in 1736. In 1743 de Maupertuis reached the company of the forty immortals in the French Academy. On the recommendation from Voltaire de Maupertuis moved into Berlin in 1744 and was made President of the Science Academy two years later. At a later date the relationship between Voltaire and de Maupertuis cooled off and they became actual enemies. Voltaire attempted in many of his satires and other actions to demerit Maupertuis as a scientist. Apart from mathematical work de Maupertuis published books on geography, astronomy and cosmology. De Maupertuis died in Switzerland in 1759.


Pierre Louis de Maupertuis

Academic Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, nominated by the Royal French Academy of Sciences to be the leader of the expedition of the degree measurements in Lapland

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