LIFE BY THE RIVER:
Observations on nature
Pictures on architecture:
Town plan of Tornio
Map of Pello
On the banks of the river only scattered houses here and there could
be seen. There were nine houses in Turtola and seventeen in Pello of
which some nine or ten lay quite close to each other. In Tornio town
the Frenchmen lived in local burgher families, in Ylitornio they lived
in the parsonage and in Pello in the Korteniemi inn and at the Puranens.
In addition to this they spent several nights in various houses on their
route. On his journey to Käymäjärvi Maupertuis stayed
at the house of the Pellikkas in Pajala. He says it was one of the more
well-to-do houses that he has seen on his whole journey. Outhier widely
describes houses and buildings. They acquainted themselves thoroughly
with the architectural tradition in the Tornionlaakso Valley. The drawings
made on the Korteniemi Inn especially give a detailed account of the
housing of that time.
The saunas and sauna bathing were naturally a source of amazement for
the Frenchmen. De Maupertuis himself tried out sauna bathing. It was
hot in the sauna but that was true of the farmhouse living rooms as
well which were heated by ovens resembling the sauna stoves. While walking
by rivers and lakes the Frenchmen saw a lot of saw and grain mills but
no wind mills were seen after Tornio.
The Frenchmen's attention is also drawn to the details of clothing.
The life of the people is controlled not only by the church but also
by other authorities. Special civil servants walked from house to house
to check that everything was all right and arranged according to the
Réginald Outhier, Journal of a Voyage to the North in the
Years 1736 - 1737:
Observations of sauna and the farmhouse
living room (p. 298)
On court yards and houses (pp.
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