"The origin of architecture in a way is biodynamic process. One has to build architecture around this process in a manner of sea shell, a shell that has also interior and everything that is necessary."

Aalto, 1970

Alvar Aalto got down to work in Rovaniemi as the market town was lying in ruins after the Lappish war. Aalto's point of departure for the construction plan of Rovaniemi was the po-sition of market town as the capital of Finnish Lapland and as the traffic centre of the whole northern Finland. The so-called Reindeer antler plan was based on commitment to nature.

In the background of Aalto's most famous work in Lapland, the administrative and cultural centres of Rovaniemi, are the entities that in antiquity were built in towns where the market place was encircled by pillared halls, temples, and assembly halls including also a theatre in an appropriate surroundings - all places manifesting the sense of community inherent in urban culture. All three buildings of the centre rise individually from the square. The library building's emphasis is in lending hall's large skylight windows. Lappia hall's undulating lines of the roofs and Town Hall's high council chamber tower give their own individual adds to the complex.

In the blocks of flats and row houses of Korkalorinne, a garden suburb of the Arctic Circle in Rovaniemi, Aalto was developing dwellings adapted to the northern conditions. The redbrick buildings that were erected for the Aho family of tradesmen were designed as a part of the compact urban milieu.

Library Building | Lappia Hall | Town Hall | Buildings for the Aho Family | Korkalorinne Residential Area | Reconstruction Plan
Aalto in Lapland | Architecture in Rovaniemi | Elsewhere in Lapland | Lapland in Aalto | Read More